Read about Indological Approach of Study of Modernization of Indian Tradition. Guide to Sociology Students. G. S. Ghurye and the Politics of Sociological Knowledge Naicker .. significance to a grand Indological conception of sacred, and indeed sacerdotal, values. scholars are like B.K. Sarkar, G.S. Ghurye, R.K. Mukherjee, K.M. Kapadia, Irawati Ghurye’s Indological Approach hovers around the study of Indian Culture.

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Sociological approaches deals with societal activities it can be any kind of institutions family: As in it is a scientific study of whole society. Indological persepective claims to understand Indian society through the concepts,theories and frameworks that are closely related with indian civilisation.

Indological Approach of

As in it the science of indian society. They both are different from eachother as sociological persepective deals with societal sphere ghuryee indological persepective deals with only indian society its problems and civilisation.

Indology is known as the science of Indian Society. It made a claim that Indian Society is unique in structure, function and dynamics and cannot be associated with the European Society. Indology demands inter-disciplinary, multi- disciplinary and cross disciplinary approach”.

Indology is also older than Sociology. It is antique in its origin owing its origin to by Sir William Jones of Calcutta. It is the beginning of Indology in India, which has been followed by several other scholars.

Indollogy have contributed tremendously for the development of the society and from their contribution there was the evolving of Indological Perspective. All of them have based their studies on rich cultural tradition of India and the principle that govern India and out laws of Hindu. Therefore they were also called as the Indologist.

The various writings of Ghurye include: Unlike his contemporaries he doesn’t glorify or condemn caste, rather he considers caste as a product of Indian culture, changing with the passage of time. Hence, it is a subject of sociological interest. Ghurye considers it as unfortunate that caste system is mostly understood in terms of Brahminic domination. Caste has gone through the process of fusion and fission in different hgurye in Indian history. During Vedic period caste was a product of race.


Ghurye points out that caste was considered as ghutye to organized form of division of labour in Aryan society. Ghurye explains caste in India on the basis of six distinctive characteristics: Segmental division of the society: Segment is the compartmentalization of the population into groups. It generates social grouping but not labelling.

The membership is ascribed in character, i. Based on the membership indologj member has fixed status, roles and tasks. According to the roles assigned they have to perform it. There are gz ethics, obligations and justification value behind these roles. It is the second indoloyg characteristic of caste through which Hindu social organization and Indian Society penetrates.

Hierarchy determines caste norms. According to Ghurye hierarchy becomes the major consideration for deciding all these aforesaid variables.

It basically implies the Division of Labour. The entire gamut of activities in the society is divided into four types like. Therefore Brahmin are given this responsibility.

So it is accorded to Khatriyas. The managerial activities are fixed on Vaishyas, who have to generate sustenance for the society. Civil and religious disabilities: Civil and indilogy disabilities expressed the rigidity of the caste system.

To Ghurye the general reflection of Hindu social life was observed and felt through such disabilities.

Indological or Textual Perspective of Sociology – Explained

Lack of unrestricted choice of occupation: The occupations have been fixed by heredity. The upper caste people like Brahmins are free to opt for study of religious books, while this cannot be ghuryw by other classes. Restriction on food, drinks and social intercourse: Some rules have been imposed upon all caste people.

Restriction on feeding and social intercourse are still prevalent in Indian society. Caste groups from whom twice born caste people can accept Kachha food; Caste group from whom twice born caste people can accept Pakka food; Caste groups from whom twice born caste people can accept water but no food; Caste groups from whom twice born caste people do not accept water or food and maintain distance. Indian caste system is also polarized due to endogamy being determined primarily indoloby Caste.


People can marry within caste only. Therefore voluntarily they assimilate themselves within the folds of Hindu society. Hence their assimilation within. Therefore tribes of India arebackward Hindus. So in many rural areas, one part of a village started functioning into a market.

This led to a township, which in turn developed administrative, judicial and other institutions. In the past, urban centres were based on feudal patronage, which had demands for silk cloths, jewellery, metal inodlogy, weapons etc. During colonial times, the growth of metropolitan centres altered the Indian life.

The towns and cities were no longer the outlets for agricultural produce and handicrafts but they became the major manufacturing centres.

Thus, the metropolitan economy emerged to dominate the village economy. A large city or metropolis also functioned as the centre of culture of the territory encompassing it.


The functions of the city are to perform a culturally integrative role, to act as a point of focus and the centre of radiation of the major tenets of the age. Ghurye views an urban planner must tackle the problems of sufficient supply of drinking water, human congestion, traffic congestion, regulation of public vehicles, insufficiency of railway transport in cities, erosion of trees, sound pollution, indiscriminate tree felling and plight of ghuryd pedestrians.

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