Hypolipidemic agents, or antihyperlipidemic agents, are a diverse group of pharmaceuticals that are used in the treatment of high levels of fats (lipids), such as cholesterol, in the blood (hyperlipidemia). They are called lipid-lowering drugs . The sites of action of several antihyperlipidemic drugs are shown. .. on LDL cholesterol, they are often combined with other antilipidemic drugs for treatment of. Antihyperlipidemic Drugs Dr Ahmed Bader Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Egypt.
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They may aantilipidemic in both their impact on the cholesterol profile and adverse effects. The promising clinical results of several novel drug candidates, particularly for LDL cholesterol lowering with monoclonal antibodies raised against PCSK9, may indicate more than a decade after the statins, the entrance of new breakthrough therapies to treat lipid disorders.
List of Antihyperlipidemic agents – Generics Only –
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Receptor-mediated uptake is a carefully regulated process that protects cells from being overloaded with lipids. Sign up for our email newsletter. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
In some cases, lowering serum lipid concentrations has been shown to prevent the sequelae of atherosclerosis and decrease mortality in patients with a history of cardiovascular antiilpidemic and hyperlipidemia. About MyAccess If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don’t have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library’s reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.
You can also find results for a single author or contributor. Clinically, the choice of an agent will depend on the patient’s cholesterol profilecardiovascular riskand the liver and kidney functions of the patient, evaluated against the balancing of risks and benefits of the medications. Praluent is given every other week by injection in doses of 75 mg or mg.
The drugs are more potent than traditional cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, such as Pfizer Inc’s Lipitor. Search Advanced search allows to you precisely focus your query. Please enter Password Forgot Username? This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
For identification of abbreviations of the lipoproteins, some drug classes, and additional discussion, see text. Accessed December 31, Subscribe to free Drugs. Please enter User Name Password Error: Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
This page was last edited on 23 Februaryat Antidotes Contrast antipipidemic Radiopharmaceuticals Dressings Senotherapeutics.
The armamentarium for the treatment of dyslipidemia today comprises six different modes of action with overall around 24 different drugs. In contrast, uptake by scavenger receptors is an unregulated process that can deugs the ability of a cell to sequester potentially toxic lipids safely. View All Subscription Options.
But it is not yet known whether their cholesterol-lowering power will translate into a reduced number of heart attacks. Besides small molecules for novel targets, biological drugs such as monoclonal antibodies, antisense or gene-silencing oligonucleotides, peptidomimetics, reconstituted synthetic HDL particles and therapeutic proteins are novel approaches in clinical development are which have to be applied by injection or infusion.
The lipoproteins that are primarily responsible for delivering cholesterol and triglycerides to peripheral tissues originate in the liver and contain a key apoprotein called B Types of Antihyperlipidemic agents Please refer to the drug classes listed below for further information. Macrophages in arterial walls use scavenger receptors to take up circulating lipoproteins, especially particles with apolipoproteins that have been modified by free radicals. The five drug classes discussed in this chapter Figure antilipiedmic are used to decrease serum concentrations of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia and to prevent or reverse associated atherosclerosis, or, in the case of hypertriglyceridemia, prevent pancreatitis.
Search within a content type, and even narrow to one or more resources. Consequently, the search for novel lipid-modifying drugs is still one of the most active areas in research and development in the pharmaceutical industry. Although the drugs are generally safe and effective, adverse effects include drug—drug interactions and rare toxic reactions in skeletal muscle and the liver.
Whereas plaques can slowly occlude coronary and cerebral vessels, clinical symptoms are more frequently precipitated by rupture of unstable plaques, leading to occlusive thrombi.
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Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published. The uptake by cells of B—containing lipoproteins can occur by receptor-mediated endocytosis or by scavenger receptors.
Lipids, mainly cholesterol and triglycerides, are transported in human plasma by macromolecular complexes termed lipoproteins.
Decongestants Bronchodilators Cough medicines H 1 antagonists. Repatha is given as a mg injection every other week or as a monthly injection of mg. Otherwise it is hidden from view. Another lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein HDLexerts several antiatherogenic effects.
It was also approved for patients with cardiovascular disease including heart attack or stroke, who require additional cholesterol lowering. Clinical Sports Medicine Collection. AMA Citation Chapter These classes are based on the mechanisms of action of these drugs.
When these macrophages become overloaded with lipids, they are transformed into distressed foam cells that initiate a local inflammatory response.